truly sustainable BUILDING
must suit both the local environment and be constructed from materials
from the local environment. It should also be adaptable and optimally
suited to its inhabitants.
An integral part of the proposed Tuvaluan village layout
is the arrangement of Malea or courtyards which can accommodate up to
about 40 people. This is a new typology for the Tuvalu people and was
developed in consultation with Tuvaluan graduate architect Ben Kofe.
At present, the only form of traditional courtyard exists
where two entire villages form a central gathering space. This new approach
uses the idea of a shared central communal space but reduces the scale
to the that of an extended family (the average Tuvaluan household is 6
From a social perspective, the courtyard layout should
suit the already established community-orientated lifestyles of the Tuvaluan
The great advantage of the courtyard design is that shared kitchens, workshops,
laundries, nurseries and bathrooms dramatically reduces the amount of
construction required in the village's establishment.
The individual buildings in the courtyard should be
loosely arranged to best suit the residents. However, it is expected that
the kitchen is best centrally located and the workshops could be positioned
along a courtyard boundary and shared with the neighbouring courtyard.
Shared bathroom and laundry facilities are best positioned behind the
workshop in a garden setting, offering maximum privacy from the living