The shape of each VILLAGE
is to be dictated by a combination of appropriate scales and water flows.
Firstly, Alexander (1977) argues that a co-herent neighbourhood
should be no wider than 300m. Secondly, the village should maximise the
gravity-fed water supply from it's adjoining dam. As such, it should be
an elongated rectangle or triangle shape which runs just slightly below
contour. This way, water can enter the site at the top corner, be utilised
under gravity pressure throughout the site and exit from the diagonally
The best position for villages is along ridge lines
so it is likely that it will be possible to establish a fall from one
corner of the site to the other over about 300m. However, in occurrences
where this is not possible, the drainage point will just need to be positioned
at the lowest point of the village.
To minimise infrastructure expense, roads should be
kept to a minimum. In most cases it should be possible to just have one
main street and one secondary street though each village. A mix of housing
types are to be arranged within village envelope with the established
village population cap in mind.
A village design based on carrying capacities, natural
constraints and thirdly, societal considerations is displayed below in
a step-by-step process: